Book Image

Functional Python Programming - Second Edition

By : Steven F. Lott
Book Image

Functional Python Programming - Second Edition

By: Steven F. Lott

Overview of this book

If you’re a Python developer who wants to discover how to take the power of functional programming (FP) and bring it into your own programs, then this book is essential for you, even if you know next to nothing about the paradigm. Starting with a general overview of functional concepts, you’ll explore common functional features such as first-class and higher-order functions, pure functions, and more. You’ll see how these are accomplished in Python 3.6 to give you the core foundations you’ll build upon. After that, you’ll discover common functional optimizations for Python to help your apps reach even higher speeds. You’ll learn FP concepts such as lazy evaluation using Python’s generator functions and expressions. Moving forward, you’ll learn to design and implement decorators to create composite functions. You'll also explore data preparation techniques and data exploration in depth, and see how the Python standard library fits the functional programming model. Finally, to top off your journey into the world of functional Python, you’ll at look at the PyMonad project and some larger examples to put everything into perspective.
Table of Contents (22 chapters)
Title Page
Packt Upsell

Using enumerate() to include a sequence number

Python offers the enumerate() function to apply index information to values in a sequence or iterable. It performs a specialized kind of wrap that can be used as part of an unwrap(process(wrap(data))) design pattern.

It looks like the following code snippet:

>>> xi
[1.47, 1.5, 1.52, 1.55, 1.57, 1.6, 1.63, 1.65, 1.68, 1.7, 1.73, 
 1.75, 1.78, 1.8, 1.83]
>>> list(enumerate(xi))
[(0, 1.47), (1, 1.5), (2, 1.52), (3, 1.55), (4, 1.57), 
 (5, 1.6), (6, 1.63), (7, 1.65), (8, 1.68), (9, 1.7), 
 (10, 1.73), (11, 1.75), (12, 1.78), (13, 1.8), (14, 1.83)]  

The enumerate() function transformed each input item into a pair with a sequence number and the original item. It's vaguely similar to the following:

zip(range(len(source)), source)

An important feature of enumerate() is that the result is an iterable and it works with any iterable input.

When looking at statistical processing, for example, the enumerate() function comes in handy to transform...