Book Image

Functional Python Programming - Second Edition

By : Steven F. Lott
Book Image

Functional Python Programming - Second Edition

By: Steven F. Lott

Overview of this book

If you’re a Python developer who wants to discover how to take the power of functional programming (FP) and bring it into your own programs, then this book is essential for you, even if you know next to nothing about the paradigm. Starting with a general overview of functional concepts, you’ll explore common functional features such as first-class and higher-order functions, pure functions, and more. You’ll see how these are accomplished in Python 3.6 to give you the core foundations you’ll build upon. After that, you’ll discover common functional optimizations for Python to help your apps reach even higher speeds. You’ll learn FP concepts such as lazy evaluation using Python’s generator functions and expressions. Moving forward, you’ll learn to design and implement decorators to create composite functions. You'll also explore data preparation techniques and data exploration in depth, and see how the Python standard library fits the functional programming model. Finally, to top off your journey into the world of functional Python, you’ll at look at the PyMonad project and some larger examples to put everything into perspective.
Table of Contents (22 chapters)
Title Page
Packt Upsell

Polymorphism and type-pattern matching

Some functional programming languages offer some clever approaches to the problem of working with statically typed function definitions. The problem is that many functions we'd like to write are entirely generic with respect to data type. For example, most of our statistical functions are identical for int or float numbers, as long as the division returns a value that is a subclass of numbers.Real (for example, Decimal, Fraction, or float). In many functional languages, sophisticated type or type-pattern matching rules are used by the compiler to make a single generic definition work for multiple data types. Python doesn't have this problem and doesn't need the pattern matching.

Instead of the (possibly) complex features of statically typed functional languages, Python changes the approach dramatically. Python uses dynamic selection of the final implementation of an operator based on the data types being used. In Python, we always write generic definitions...