Book Image

Python GUI Programming with Tkinter.

By : Alan D. Moore
Book Image

Python GUI Programming with Tkinter.

By: Alan D. Moore

Overview of this book

Tkinter is a lightweight, portable, and easy-to-use graphical toolkit available in the Python Standard Library, widely used to build Python GUIs due to its simplicity and availability. This book teaches you to design and build graphical user interfaces that are functional, appealing, and user-friendly using the powerful combination of Python and Tkinter. After being introduced to Tkinter, you will be guided step-by-step through the application development process. Over the course of the book, your application will evolve from a simple data-entry form to a complex data management and visualization tool while maintaining a clean and robust design. In addition to building the GUI, you'll learn how to connect to external databases and network resources, test your code to avoid errors, and maximize performance using asynchronous programming. You'll make the most of Tkinter's cross-platform availability by learning how to maintain compatibility, mimic platform-native look and feel, and build executables for deployment across popular computing platforms. By the end of this book, you will have the skills and confidence to design and build powerful high-end GUI applications to solve real-world problems.
Table of Contents (23 chapters)
Title Page
Copyright and Credits
Packt Upsell

Modeling relational data

Our application currently stores data in a single CSV file; a file like this is often called a flat file, because the data has been flattened to two dimensions. While this format works acceptably for our application and could be translated directly to an SQL table, a more accurate and useful data model requires more complexity.


The process of breaking out a flat data file into multiple tables is called normalization. Normalization is a process involving a series of levels called normal forms which progressively remove duplication and create a more precise model of the data we're storing. Although there are many normal forms, most issues encountered in common business data can be handled by conforming to the first three.

Roughly speaking, that requires the following conditions:

  • The first normal form requires that each field contains only one value, and that repeating columns must be eliminated.
  • The second normal form additionally requires that every value...