Book Image

Learn Scala Programming

By : Slava Schmidt
Book Image

Learn Scala Programming

By: Slava Schmidt

Overview of this book

The second version of Scala has undergone multiple changes to support features and library implementations. Scala 2.13, with its main focus on modularizing the standard library and simplifying collections, brings with it a host of updates. Learn Scala Programming addresses both technical and architectural changes to the redesigned standard library and collections, along with covering in-depth type systems and first-level support for functions. You will discover how to leverage implicits as a primary mechanism for building type classes and look at different ways to test Scala code. You will also learn about abstract building blocks used in functional programming, giving you sufficient understanding to pick and use any existing functional programming library out there. In the concluding chapters, you will explore reactive programming by covering the Akka framework and reactive streams. By the end of this book, you will have built microservices and learned to implement them with the Scala and Lagom framework.
Table of Contents (19 chapters)

Getting to Know Implicits and Type Classes

We are already familiar with two cornerstones of Scala—its type system and first-class functions. Implicits is the third one. Implicits enable elegant designs and probably no state-of-the-art Scala library is possible without them.

In this chapter, we will start with a systematic overview of different types of implicits and recap the implicit scope resolution rules. After taking a short look at context bounds, we'll move on to type classes, the central implementation mechanism that's utilized in modern functional programming libraries.

The following topics will be covered in this chapter:

  • Types of implicits
  • Context bounds
  • Type classes
  • Type classes and recursive resolution
  • Type class variance
  • Implicit scope resolution rules