Book Image

Julia 1.0 Programming. - Second Edition

By : Ivo Balbaert
Book Image

Julia 1.0 Programming. - Second Edition

By: Ivo Balbaert

Overview of this book

The release of Julia 1.0 is now ready to change the technical world by combining the high productivity and ease of use of Python and R with the lightning-fast speed of C++. Julia 1.0 programming gives you a head start in tackling your numerical and data problems. You will begin by learning how to set up a running Julia platform, before exploring its various built-in types. With the help of practical examples, this book walks you through two important collection types: arrays and matrices. In addition to this, you will be taken through how type conversions and promotions work. In the course of the book, you will be introduced to the homo-iconicity and metaprogramming concepts in Julia. You will understand how Julia provides different ways to interact with an operating system, as well as other languages, and then you'll discover what macros are. Once you have grasped the basics, you’ll study what makes Julia suitable for numerical and scientific computing, and learn about the features provided by Julia. By the end of this book, you will also have learned how to run external programs. This book covers all you need to know about Julia in order to leverage its high speed and efficiency for your applications.
Table of Contents (17 chapters)
Title Page
Copyright and Credits
Packt Upsell

Types and collections – inner constructors

Here is another type with only default constructors:

# see the code in Chapter 6\inner_constructors.jl
mutable struct Person
    children::Array{String, 1}

p1 = Person("Alan", "Bates", 'M', 45.5, ["Jeff", "Stephan"])

This example demonstrates that an object can contain collections, such as arrays or dictionaries. Custom types can also be stored in a collection, just like built-in types, for example:

people = Person[]



This returns 0-element Array{Person,1}:

push!(people, p1)
push!(people, Person("Julia", "Smith", 'F', 27, ["Viral"]))

The show(people) function now returns the following output:

Person[Person("Alan", "Bates", 'M', 45.5, ["Jeff", "Stephan"]), 
       Person("Julia", "Smith", 'F', 27.0, ["Viral"])]

Now we can define a function fullname on type Person. You will notice that the definition stays outside the type's code:

fullname(p::Person) = "$(p.firstname) $(p.lastname...