Book Image

Hands-On Design Patterns with Swift

By : Florent Vilmart, Giordano Scalzo, Sergio De Simone
Book Image

Hands-On Design Patterns with Swift

By: Florent Vilmart, Giordano Scalzo, Sergio De Simone

Overview of this book

Swift keeps gaining traction not only amongst Apple developers but also as a server-side language. This book demonstrates how to apply design patterns and best practices in real-life situations, whether that's for new or already existing projects. You’ll begin with a quick refresher on Swift, the compiler, the standard library, and the foundation, followed by the Cocoa design patterns – the ones at the core of many cocoa libraries – to follow up with the creational, structural, and behavioral patterns as defined by the GoF. You'll get acquainted with application architecture, as well as the most popular architectural design patterns, such as MVC and MVVM, and learn to use them in the context of Swift. In addition, you’ll walk through dependency injection and functional reactive programming. Special emphasis will be given to techniques to handle concurrency, including callbacks, futures and promises, and reactive programming. These techniques will help you adopt a test-driven approach to your workflow in order to use Swift Package Manager and integrate the framework into the original code base, along with Unit and UI testing. By the end of the book, you'll be able to build applications that are scalable, faster, and easier to maintain.
Table of Contents (22 chapters)
Title Page
Copyright and Credits
About Packt

Chapter 1. Refreshing the Basics

In order to properly kick-start our journey through Swift's best practices and design patterns, I believe it's important that we take some time to go back to the basics. It's important to always keep your foundation strong; the more we advance through this book, the more we'll rely on those concepts.

I'll assume that you have a proper understanding of object-oriented programming (OPP) fundamentals, classes, inheritance, composition, and other techniques, as well as a fundamental understanding of the differences between value and reference types. If you're rusty on these concepts, you shouldn't worry too much, as we'll cover them shortly.

This chapter will dive deeply into the Swift language. What is a struct, and what is a class? What are their differences? Should you use an enum or an OptionSet? All of these questions will be answered in this chapter. We'll go back to the basics of classes and inheritance, and we'll discover the power of value types and immutability. We'll look it functions, closures, and currying. If you're unfamiliar with these constructs, or if you just want to get a refresher, you should tag along as we go back to the basics. These basics are essential to the Swift language, and are required to successfully apply efficient design patterns and best practices.

In this first chapter, we'll take the time to go back to the basics by covering the following topics:

  • Classes and structs: what they are, and how they behave
  • Exploring enums and their capabilities and extensibility
  • Getting functional with closures and functions
  • Introducing protocols and scratching the surface of extending protocols
  • Concluding with other useful language constructs, such as type aliases, tuples, and generics