Book Image

Mastering Rust - Second Edition

By : Rahul Sharma, Vesa Kaihlavirta
Book Image

Mastering Rust - Second Edition

By: Rahul Sharma, Vesa Kaihlavirta

Overview of this book

Rust is an empowering language that provides a rare combination of safety, speed, and zero-cost abstractions. Mastering Rust – Second Edition is filled with clear and simple explanations of the language features along with real-world examples, showing you how you can build robust, scalable, and reliable programs. This second edition of the book improves upon the previous one and touches on all aspects that make Rust a great language. We have included the features from latest Rust 2018 edition such as the new module system, the smarter compiler, helpful error messages, and the stable procedural macros. You’ll learn how Rust can be used for systems programming, network programming, and even on the web. You’ll also learn techniques such as writing memory-safe code, building idiomatic Rust libraries, writing efficient asynchronous networking code, and advanced macros. The book contains a mix of theory and hands-on tasks so you acquire the skills as well as the knowledge, and it also provides exercises to hammer the concepts in. After reading this book, you will be able to implement Rust for your enterprise projects, write better tests and documentation, design for performance, and write idiomatic Rust code.
Table of Contents (19 chapters)

Unit tests

In general, a unit test is a function that instantiates a small portion of an application and verifies its behavior independently from other parts of the code base. In Rust, unit tests are usually written within a module. Ideally, they should only aim to cover the module's functionality and its interfaces.

First unit test

The following is our very first unit test:

// first_unit_test.rs

#[test]
fn basic_test() {
assert!(true);
}

A unit test is written as a function and is marked with a #[test] attribute. There's nothing complex in the preceding basic_test function. We have a basic assert! call passing in true. For better organization, you may also create a child module called tests (by convention) and...