Book Image

Learn C Programming

By : Jeff Szuhay
Book Image

Learn C Programming

By: Jeff Szuhay

Overview of this book

C is a powerful general-purpose programming language that is excellent for beginners to learn. This book will introduce you to computer programming and software development using C. If you're an experienced developer, this book will help you to become familiar with the C programming language. This C programming book takes you through basic programming concepts and shows you how to implement them in C. Throughout the book, you'll create and run programs that make use of one or more C concepts, such as program structure with functions, data types, and conditional statements. You'll also see how to use looping and iteration, arrays, pointers, and strings. As you make progress, you'll cover code documentation, testing and validation methods, basic input/output, and how to write complete programs in C. By the end of the book, you'll have developed basic programming skills in C, that you can apply to other programming languages and will develop a solid foundation for you to advance as a programmer.
Table of Contents (33 chapters)
Section 1: C Fundamentals
Section 2: Complex Data Types
Section 3: Memory Manipulation
Section 4: Input and Output
Section 5: Building Blocks for Larger Programs


Once compilation has completed successfully, an executable file will be generated. This executable file, unless we provide an explicit name for it, will be named a.out. The executable file will typically be created in the same directory the compiler was invoked from. For the most part, we will make our current working directory have the same location as the source files.

Running an executable file is performed by invoking it from the command line. When invoked, the executable is loaded into the computer's memory and then becomes the CPU's program execution stream. Once loaded into memory, the CPU begins at the special reserved word known as main() and continues until either return; or a closing } is encountered. The program stops and the executable is then unloaded from memory.

To run an executable, open a Command Prompt (Windows) or Terminal window (Linux and Mac), navigate with cd to the directory of the executable file, and simply enter the executable's name (a.out, or whatever you've specified).

Note: If you successfully navigate to the same location as the executable and you have verified it exists there but you get an error message from the command interpreter, you likely have a problem with your command interpreter's built-in PATH variable. To quickly work around this, enter the $ ./a.out command to run it. This instructs the command interpreter to look in the current directory for the file named a.out.

As the program runs, any output will be directed to the Terminal or console window. When the program has ended, the command interpreter will present you with a new command prompt.