Book Image

Learn C Programming

By : Jeff Szuhay
Book Image

Learn C Programming

By: Jeff Szuhay

Overview of this book

C is a powerful general-purpose programming language that is excellent for beginners to learn. This book will introduce you to computer programming and software development using C. If you're an experienced developer, this book will help you to become familiar with the C programming language. This C programming book takes you through basic programming concepts and shows you how to implement them in C. Throughout the book, you'll create and run programs that make use of one or more C concepts, such as program structure with functions, data types, and conditional statements. You'll also see how to use looping and iteration, arrays, pointers, and strings. As you make progress, you'll cover code documentation, testing and validation methods, basic input/output, and how to write complete programs in C. By the end of the book, you'll have developed basic programming skills in C, that you can apply to other programming languages and will develop a solid foundation for you to advance as a programmer.
Table of Contents (33 chapters)
Section 1: C Fundamentals
Section 2: Complex Data Types
Section 3: Memory Manipulation
Section 4: Input and Output
Section 5: Building Blocks for Larger Programs

Using single character formatting

Finally, we can format a single character with the c type conversion, as follows:

printf("Character output\n");
printf("%%c [%c] character\n",aChar);
printf("%%10c [%10c] character right-aligned, field=10\n",aChar);
printf("%%-10c [%-10c] character left-aligned, field=10\n\n",aChar);

First, a single character is printed. Then, it is right-aligned in a field of 10. Finally, it is left-aligned in a field of 10.

Enter these code snippets into character_string.c. Compile and run the program. You should see something similar to the following output:

Notice how the alignment, minimum field width, and precision modifiers behave for strings and characters as they do for integers and doubles.

This completes our exploration of formatted output. With these programs, you can continue with your own exploration.