Book Image

Learn C Programming

By : Jeff Szuhay
Book Image

Learn C Programming

By: Jeff Szuhay

Overview of this book

C is a powerful general-purpose programming language that is excellent for beginners to learn. This book will introduce you to computer programming and software development using C. If you're an experienced developer, this book will help you to become familiar with the C programming language. This C programming book takes you through basic programming concepts and shows you how to implement them in C. Throughout the book, you'll create and run programs that make use of one or more C concepts, such as program structure with functions, data types, and conditional statements. You'll also see how to use looping and iteration, arrays, pointers, and strings. As you make progress, you'll cover code documentation, testing and validation methods, basic input/output, and how to write complete programs in C. By the end of the book, you'll have developed basic programming skills in C, that you can apply to other programming languages and will develop a solid foundation for you to advance as a programmer.
Table of Contents (33 chapters)
Section 1: C Fundamentals
Section 2: Complex Data Types
Section 3: Memory Manipulation
Section 4: Input and Output
Section 5: Building Blocks for Larger Programs

Understanding function declarations

In order for the compiler to recognize a function call when it sees it, it must already know about the function. In other words, it must already have processed the function statement's definition before it can process the call to that function. We have seen this behavior in all of our programs up to this point. In each program, we have defined the function, and then later in our program, we called it.

This behavior is somewhat limiting since we may want to call a function from anywhere in our program. We don't want to get caught up in its relative position in the program and have to reshuffle the definitions of the functions just to make the compiler happy. The compiler is supposed to work for us, not the other way around.

C provides a way to declare a function so that the compiler knows just enough about the function to be able to process a call to the function before it actually processes the function definition....