Book Image

Modern Python Cookbook - Second Edition

By : Steven F. Lott
Book Image

Modern Python Cookbook - Second Edition

By: Steven F. Lott

Overview of this book

Python is the preferred choice of developers, engineers, data scientists, and hobbyists everywhere. It is a great language that can power your applications and provide great speed, safety, and scalability. It can be used for simple scripting or sophisticated web applications. By exposing Python as a series of simple recipes, this book gives you insight into specific language features in a particular context. Having a tangible context helps make the language or a given standard library feature easier to understand. This book comes with 133 recipes on the latest version of Python 3.8. The recipes will benefit everyone, from beginners just starting out with Python to experts. You'll not only learn Python programming concepts but also how to build complex applications. The recipes will touch upon all necessary Python concepts related to data structures, object oriented programming, functional programming, and statistical programming. You will get acquainted with the nuances of Python syntax and how to effectively take advantage of it. By the end of this Python book, you will be equipped with knowledge of testing, web services, configuration, and application integration tips and tricks. You will be armed with the knowledge of how to create applications with flexible logging, powerful configuration, command-line options, automated unit tests, and good documentation.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
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Concealing an exception root cause

In Python 3, exceptions contain a root cause. The default behavior of internally raised exceptions is to use an implicit __context__ to include the root cause of an exception. In some cases, we may want to deemphasize the root cause because it's misleading or unhelpful for debugging.

This technique is almost always paired with an application or library that defines a unique exception. The idea is to show the unique exception without the clutter of an irrelevant exception from outside the application or library.

Getting ready

Assume we're writing some complex string processing. We'd like to treat a number of different kinds of detailed exceptions as a single generic error so that users of our software are insulated from the implementation details. We can attach details to the generic error.

How to do it...

  1. To create a new exception, we can do this:
    >>> class MyAppError(Exception):