Managing a context using the with statement
There are many instances where our scripts will be entangled with external resources. The most common examples are disk files and network connections to external hosts. A common bug is retaining these entanglements forever, tying up these resources uselessly. These are sometimes called memory leaks because the available memory is reduced each time a new file is opened without closing a previously used file.
We'd like to isolate each entanglement so that we can be sure that the resource is acquired and released properly. The idea is to create a context in which our script uses an external resource. At the end of the context, our program is no longer bound to the resource and we want to be guaranteed that the resource is released.
Let's say we want to write lines of data to a file in CSV format. When we're done, we want to be sure that the file is closed and the various OS resources—including...