Book Image

Modern Python Cookbook. - Second Edition

By : Steven F. Lott
Book Image

Modern Python Cookbook. - Second Edition

By: Steven F. Lott

Overview of this book

Python is the preferred choice of developers, engineers, data scientists, and hobbyists everywhere. It is a great language that can power your applications and provide great speed, safety, and scalability. It can be used for simple scripting or sophisticated web applications. By exposing Python as a series of simple recipes, this book gives you insight into specific language features in a particular context. Having a tangible context helps make the language or a given standard library feature easier to understand. This book comes with 133 recipes on the latest version of Python 3.8. The recipes will benefit everyone, from beginners just starting out with Python to experts. You'll not only learn Python programming concepts but also how to build complex applications. The recipes will touch upon all necessary Python concepts related to data structures, object oriented programming, functional programming, and statistical programming. You will get acquainted with the nuances of Python syntax and how to effectively take advantage of it. By the end of this Python book, you will be equipped with knowledge of testing, web services, configuration, and application integration tips and tricks. You will be armed with the knowledge of how to create applications with flexible logging, powerful configuration, command-line options, automated unit tests, and good documentation.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
16
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17
Index

Building lists – literals, appending, and comprehensions

If we've decided to create a collection based on each item's position in the container—a list—we have several ways of building this structure. We'll look at a number of ways we can assemble a list object from the individual items.

In some cases, we'll need a list because it allows duplicate values. This is common in statistical work, where we will have duplicates but we don't require the index positions. A different structure, called a multiset, would be useful for a statistically oriented collection that permits duplicates. This kind of collection isn't built-in (although collections.Counter is an excellent multiset, as long as items are immutable), leading us to use a list object.

Getting ready

Let's say we need to do some statistical analyses of some file sizes. Here's a short script that will provide us with the sizes of some files...