Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

By : Marius Bancila
Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

By: Marius Bancila

Overview of this book

C++ has come a long way to be one of the most widely used general-purpose languages that is fast, efficient, and high-performance at its core. The updated second edition of Modern C++ Programming Cookbook addresses the latest features of C++20, such as modules, concepts, coroutines, and the many additions to the standard library, including ranges and text formatting. The book is organized in the form of practical recipes covering a wide range of problems faced by modern developers. The book also delves into the details of all the core concepts in modern C++ programming, such as functions and classes, iterators and algorithms, streams and the file system, threading and concurrency, smart pointers and move semantics, and many others. It goes into the performance aspects of programming in depth, teaching developers how to write fast and lean code with the help of best practices. Furthermore, the book explores useful patterns and delves into the implementation of many idioms, including pimpl, named parameter, and attorney-client, teaching techniques such as avoiding repetition with the factory pattern. There is also a chapter dedicated to unit testing, where you are introduced to three of the most widely used libraries for C++: Boost.Test, Google Test, and Catch2. By the end of the book, you will be able to effectively leverage the features and techniques of C++11/14/17/20 programming to enhance the performance, scalability, and efficiency of your applications.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
13
Bibliography
14
Other Books You May Enjoy
15
Index

Implementing the pimpl idiom

pimpl stands for pointer to implementation (but is also known as the Cheshire cat idiom or the compiler firewall idiom) and is an opaque pointer technique that enables the separation of the implementation details from an interface. This has the advantage that it enables changing the implementation without modifying the interface and, therefore, avoiding the need to recompile the code that is using the interface. This has the potential of making libraries using the pimpl idiom on their ABIs to be backward-compatible with older versions when only implementation details change. In this recipe, we will see how to implement the pimpl idiom using modern C++ features.

Getting ready

The reader is expected to be familiar with smart pointers and std::string_view, both of which were discussed in previous chapters of this book.

To demonstrate the pimpl idiom in a practical manner, we will consider the following class, which we will then refactor following...