Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

By : Marius Bancila
5 (1)
Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

5 (1)
By: Marius Bancila

Overview of this book

C++ has come a long way to be one of the most widely used general-purpose languages that is fast, efficient, and high-performance at its core. The updated second edition of Modern C++ Programming Cookbook addresses the latest features of C++20, such as modules, concepts, coroutines, and the many additions to the standard library, including ranges and text formatting. The book is organized in the form of practical recipes covering a wide range of problems faced by modern developers. The book also delves into the details of all the core concepts in modern C++ programming, such as functions and classes, iterators and algorithms, streams and the file system, threading and concurrency, smart pointers and move semantics, and many others. It goes into the performance aspects of programming in depth, teaching developers how to write fast and lean code with the help of best practices. Furthermore, the book explores useful patterns and delves into the implementation of many idioms, including pimpl, named parameter, and attorney-client, teaching techniques such as avoiding repetition with the factory pattern. There is also a chapter dedicated to unit testing, where you are introduced to three of the most widely used libraries for C++: Boost.Test, Google Test, and Catch2. By the end of the book, you will be able to effectively leverage the features and techniques of C++11/14/17/20 programming to enhance the performance, scalability, and efficiency of your applications.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
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Asserting with Catch2

Unlike other testing frameworks, Catch2 does not provide a large set of assertion macros. It has two main macros: REQUIRE, which produces a fatal error, stopping the execution of the test case upon failure, and CHECK, which produces a non-fatal error upon failure, continuing the execution of the test case. Several additional macros are defined; in this recipe, we will see how to put them to work.

Getting ready

You should now be familiar with writing test cases and test functions using Catch2, a topic we covered in the previous recipe, Writing and invoking tests with Catch2.

How to do it...

The following list contains the available options for asserting with the Catch2 framework:

  • Use CHECK(expr) to check whether expr evaluates to true, continuing the execution in case of failure, and REQUIRE(expr) to make sure that expr evaluates to true, stopping the execution of the test in case of failure:
    int a = 42;
    CHECK(a == 42);...