Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

By : Marius Bancila
5 (1)
Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

5 (1)
By: Marius Bancila

Overview of this book

C++ has come a long way to be one of the most widely used general-purpose languages that is fast, efficient, and high-performance at its core. The updated second edition of Modern C++ Programming Cookbook addresses the latest features of C++20, such as modules, concepts, coroutines, and the many additions to the standard library, including ranges and text formatting. The book is organized in the form of practical recipes covering a wide range of problems faced by modern developers. The book also delves into the details of all the core concepts in modern C++ programming, such as functions and classes, iterators and algorithms, streams and the file system, threading and concurrency, smart pointers and move semantics, and many others. It goes into the performance aspects of programming in depth, teaching developers how to write fast and lean code with the help of best practices. Furthermore, the book explores useful patterns and delves into the implementation of many idioms, including pimpl, named parameter, and attorney-client, teaching techniques such as avoiding repetition with the factory pattern. There is also a chapter dedicated to unit testing, where you are introduced to three of the most widely used libraries for C++: Boost.Test, Google Test, and Catch2. By the end of the book, you will be able to effectively leverage the features and techniques of C++11/14/17/20 programming to enhance the performance, scalability, and efficiency of your applications.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
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Writing a recursive lambda

Lambdas are basically unnamed function objects, which means that it should be possible to call them recursively. Indeed, they can be called recursively; however, the mechanism for doing so is not obvious as it requires assigning the lambda to a function wrapper and capturing the wrapper by reference. Though it can be argued that a recursive lambda does not really make sense and that a function is probably a better design choice, in this recipe, we will look at how to write a recursive lambda.

Getting ready

To demonstrate how to write a recursive lambda, we will consider the well-known example of the Fibonacci function. This is usually implemented recursively in C++, as follows:

constexpr int fib(int const n)
  return n <= 2 ? 1 : fib(n - 1) + fib(n - 2);

Having this implementation as a starting point, let's see how we can rewrite it using a recursive lambda.

How to do it...

In order to write a recursive...