Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

By : Marius Bancila
5 (1)
Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

5 (1)
By: Marius Bancila

Overview of this book

C++ has come a long way to be one of the most widely used general-purpose languages that is fast, efficient, and high-performance at its core. The updated second edition of Modern C++ Programming Cookbook addresses the latest features of C++20, such as modules, concepts, coroutines, and the many additions to the standard library, including ranges and text formatting. The book is organized in the form of practical recipes covering a wide range of problems faced by modern developers. The book also delves into the details of all the core concepts in modern C++ programming, such as functions and classes, iterators and algorithms, streams and the file system, threading and concurrency, smart pointers and move semantics, and many others. It goes into the performance aspects of programming in depth, teaching developers how to write fast and lean code with the help of best practices. Furthermore, the book explores useful patterns and delves into the implementation of many idioms, including pimpl, named parameter, and attorney-client, teaching techniques such as avoiding repetition with the factory pattern. There is also a chapter dedicated to unit testing, where you are introduced to three of the most widely used libraries for C++: Boost.Test, Google Test, and Catch2. By the end of the book, you will be able to effectively leverage the features and techniques of C++11/14/17/20 programming to enhance the performance, scalability, and efficiency of your applications.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
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Uniformly invoking anything callable

Developers, and especially those who implement libraries, sometimes need to invoke a callable object in a uniform manner. This can be a function, a pointer to a function, a pointer to a member function, or a function object. Examples of such cases include std::bind, std::function, std::mem_fn, and std::thread::thread. C++17 defines a standard function called std::invoke() that can invoke any callable object with the provided arguments. This is not intended to replace direct calls to functions or function objects, but it is useful in template metaprogramming for implementing various library functions.

Getting ready

For this recipe, you should be familiar with how to define and use function pointers.

To exemplify how std::invoke() can be used in different contexts, we will use the following function and class:

int add(int const a, int const b)
  return a + b;
struct foo
  int x = 0;
  void increment_by(int const n) { x += n...