Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

By : Marius Bancila
Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

By: Marius Bancila

Overview of this book

C++ has come a long way to be one of the most widely used general-purpose languages that is fast, efficient, and high-performance at its core. The updated second edition of Modern C++ Programming Cookbook addresses the latest features of C++20, such as modules, concepts, coroutines, and the many additions to the standard library, including ranges and text formatting. The book is organized in the form of practical recipes covering a wide range of problems faced by modern developers. The book also delves into the details of all the core concepts in modern C++ programming, such as functions and classes, iterators and algorithms, streams and the file system, threading and concurrency, smart pointers and move semantics, and many others. It goes into the performance aspects of programming in depth, teaching developers how to write fast and lean code with the help of best practices. Furthermore, the book explores useful patterns and delves into the implementation of many idioms, including pimpl, named parameter, and attorney-client, teaching techniques such as avoiding repetition with the factory pattern. There is also a chapter dedicated to unit testing, where you are introduced to three of the most widely used libraries for C++: Boost.Test, Google Test, and Catch2. By the end of the book, you will be able to effectively leverage the features and techniques of C++11/14/17/20 programming to enhance the performance, scalability, and efficiency of your applications.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
13
Bibliography
14
Other Books You May Enjoy
15
Index

Using monetary I/O manipulators

In the previous recipe, we looked at some of the manipulators that can be used to control input and output streams. The manipulators that we discussed were related to numeric values and text values. In this recipe, we will look at how to use standard manipulators to write and read monetary values.

Getting ready

You should now be familiar with locales and how to set them for a stream. This topic was discussed in the Using localized settings for streams recipe. It is recommended that you read that recipe before continuing.

The manipulators discussed in this recipe are available in the std namespace, in the <iomanip> header.

How to do it...

To write a monetary value to an output stream, you should do the following:

  • Set the desired locale for controlling the monetary format:
    std::cout.imbue(std::locale("en_GB.utf8"));
    
  • Use either a long double or a std::basic_string value for the amount...