Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

By : Marius Bancila
Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

By: Marius Bancila

Overview of this book

C++ has come a long way to be one of the most widely used general-purpose languages that is fast, efficient, and high-performance at its core. The updated second edition of Modern C++ Programming Cookbook addresses the latest features of C++20, such as modules, concepts, coroutines, and the many additions to the standard library, including ranges and text formatting. The book is organized in the form of practical recipes covering a wide range of problems faced by modern developers. The book also delves into the details of all the core concepts in modern C++ programming, such as functions and classes, iterators and algorithms, streams and the file system, threading and concurrency, smart pointers and move semantics, and many others. It goes into the performance aspects of programming in depth, teaching developers how to write fast and lean code with the help of best practices. Furthermore, the book explores useful patterns and delves into the implementation of many idioms, including pimpl, named parameter, and attorney-client, teaching techniques such as avoiding repetition with the factory pattern. There is also a chapter dedicated to unit testing, where you are introduced to three of the most widely used libraries for C++: Boost.Test, Google Test, and Catch2. By the end of the book, you will be able to effectively leverage the features and techniques of C++11/14/17/20 programming to enhance the performance, scalability, and efficiency of your applications.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
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Using thread synchronization mechanisms

The thread support library from C++11 includes mutexes and condition variables that enable thread-synchronization to shared resources. A mutex allows only one thread of multiple processes to execute, while other threads that want to access a shared resource are put to sleep. Mutexes can be expensive to use in some scenarios. For this reason, the C++20 standard features several new simpler synchronization mechanisms: latches, barriers, and semaphores. Although these do not provide new use cases, they are simpler to use and can be more performant because they may internally rely on lock-free mechanisms.

At the time of writing this book, no compiler supports the C++20 thread synchronization mechanisms. Although based on the standard specifications, the sample code in this recipe could not be tested with any compiler, and we cannot guarantee their correctness.

Getting ready

The new C++20 synchronization mechanisms are defined...