Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

By : Marius Bancila
5 (1)
Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

5 (1)
By: Marius Bancila

Overview of this book

C++ has come a long way to be one of the most widely used general-purpose languages that is fast, efficient, and high-performance at its core. The updated second edition of Modern C++ Programming Cookbook addresses the latest features of C++20, such as modules, concepts, coroutines, and the many additions to the standard library, including ranges and text formatting. The book is organized in the form of practical recipes covering a wide range of problems faced by modern developers. The book also delves into the details of all the core concepts in modern C++ programming, such as functions and classes, iterators and algorithms, streams and the file system, threading and concurrency, smart pointers and move semantics, and many others. It goes into the performance aspects of programming in depth, teaching developers how to write fast and lean code with the help of best practices. Furthermore, the book explores useful patterns and delves into the implementation of many idioms, including pimpl, named parameter, and attorney-client, teaching techniques such as avoiding repetition with the factory pattern. There is also a chapter dedicated to unit testing, where you are introduced to three of the most widely used libraries for C++: Boost.Test, Google Test, and Catch2. By the end of the book, you will be able to effectively leverage the features and techniques of C++11/14/17/20 programming to enhance the performance, scalability, and efficiency of your applications.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
13
Bibliography
14
Other Books You May Enjoy
15
Index

Using promises and futures to return values from threads

In the first recipe of this chapter, we discussed how to work with threads. You also learned that thread functions cannot return values and that threads should use other means, such as shared data, to do so; however, for this, synchronization is required. An alternative to communicating a return value or an exception with either the main or another thread is using std::promise. This recipe will explain how this mechanism works.

Getting ready

The promise and future classes used in this recipe are available in the std namespace in the <future> header.

How to do it...

To communicate a value from one thread to another through promises and futures, do this:

  1. Make a promise available to the thread function through a parameter; for example:
    void produce_value(std::promise<int>& p)
    {
      // simulate long running operation
      {
        using namespace std::chrono_literals;
        std::this_thread...