Unit testing with unittest
Let's start our exploration with Python's built-in test library. This library provides a common object-oriented interface for unit tests. The Python library for this is called, unsurprisingly,
unittest. It provides several tools for creating and running unit tests, the most important being the
TestCase class. (The names follow a Java naming style, so many of the method names don't look very Pythonic.) The
TestCase class provides a set of methods that allow us to compare values, set up tests, and clean up when they have finished.
When we want to write a set of unit tests for a specific task, we create a subclass of
TestCase and write individual methods to do the actual testing. These methods must all start with the name
test. When this convention is followed, the tests automatically run as part of the test process. For simple examples, we can bundle the
THEN concepts into the test method...