Book Image

Dancing with Python

By : Robert S. Sutor
Book Image

Dancing with Python

By: Robert S. Sutor

Overview of this book

Dancing with Python helps you learn Python and quantum computing in a practical way. It will help you explore how to work with numbers, strings, collections, iterators, and files. The book goes beyond functions and classes and teaches you to use Python and Qiskit to create gates and circuits for classical and quantum computing. Learn how quantum extends traditional techniques using the Grover Search Algorithm and the code that implements it. Dive into some advanced and widely used applications of Python and revisit strings with more sophisticated tools, such as regular expressions and basic natural language processing (NLP). The final chapters introduce you to data analysis, visualizations, and supervised and unsupervised machine learning. By the end of the book, you will be proficient in programming the latest and most powerful quantum computers, the Pythonic way.
Table of Contents (29 chapters)
Part I: Getting to Know Python
PART II: Algorithms and Circuits
PART III: Advanced Features and Libraries
Other Books You May Enjoy
Appendix C: The Complete UniPoly Class
Appendix D: The Complete Guitar Class Hierarchy
Appendix F: Production Notes

7.16 Objects in collections

If you write a new class and plan to put its instances in a list, there are no special requirements. The list will hold the items in the order in which you place them. An operation like reverse, which only changes the list order in place, works fine.

polys = [UniPoly(1, 'x', 2), UniPoly(2, 'x', 3), UniPoly(3, 'x', 4)]
[x**2, 2*x**3, 3*x**4]
[3*x**4, 2*x**3, x**2]

Generally, you do want to tell when one instance is equal to another, so you should implement __eq__. For completeness, I often define __ne__ as well. Python uses these for “==” and “!=”, respectively. If __ne__ is missing, Python negates the result of __eq__.

If you plan to sort the list, you need a way to compare items to know which object is “less than” another. For the sorted function...