Book Image

Mastering Go – Third Edition - Third Edition

By : Mihalis Tsoukalos
5 (2)
Book Image

Mastering Go – Third Edition - Third Edition

5 (2)
By: Mihalis Tsoukalos

Overview of this book

Mastering Go is the essential guide to putting Go to work on real production systems. This freshly updated third edition includes topics like creating RESTful servers and clients, understanding Go generics, and developing gRPC servers and clients. Mastering Go was written for programmers who want to explore the capabilities of Go in practice. As you work your way through the chapters, you’ll gain confidence and a deep understanding of advanced Go concepts, including concurrency and the operation of the Go Garbage Collector, using Go with Docker, writing powerful command-line utilities, working with JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) data, and interacting with databases. You’ll also improve your understanding of Go internals to optimize Go code and use data types and data structures in new and unexpected ways. This essential Go programming book will also take you through the nuances and idioms of Go with exercises and resources to fully embed your newly acquired knowledge. With the help of Mastering Go, you’ll become an expert Go programmer by building Go systems and implementing advanced Go techniques in your projects.
Table of Contents (17 chapters)
14
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15
Index

Go packages

Everything in Go is delivered in the form of packages. A Go package is a Go source file that begins with the package keyword, followed by the name of the package.

Note that packages can have structure. For example, the net package has several subdirectories, named http, mail, rpc, smtp, textproto, and url, which should be imported as net/http, net/mail, net/rpc, net/smtp, net/textproto, and net/url, respectively.

Apart from the packages of the Go standard library, there are external packages that can be imported using their full address and that should be downloaded on the local machine, before their first use. One such example is https://github.com/spf13/cobra, which is stored in GitHub.

Packages are mainly used for grouping related functions, variables, and constants so that you can transfer them easily and use them in your own Go programs. Note that apart from the main package, Go packages are not autonomous programs and cannot be compiled into...