Book Image

Template Metaprogramming with C++

By : Marius Bancila
5 (1)
Book Image

Template Metaprogramming with C++

5 (1)
By: Marius Bancila

Overview of this book

Learn how the metaprogramming technique enables you to create data structures and functions that allow computation to happen at compile time. With this book, you'll realize how templates help you avoid writing duplicate code and are key to creating generic libraries, such as the standard library or Boost, that can be used in a multitude of programs. The introductory chapters of this book will give you insights into the fundamentals of templates and metaprogramming. You'll then move on to practice writing complex templates and exploring advanced concepts such as template recursion, template argument deduction, forwarding references, type traits, and conditional compilation. Along the way, you'll learn how to write variadic templates and how to provide requirements to the template arguments with C++20 constraints and concepts. Finally, you'll apply your knowledge of C++ metaprogramming templates to implement various metaprogramming patterns and techniques. By the end of this book, you'll have learned how to write effective templates and implement metaprogramming in your everyday programming journey.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
Part 1: Core Template Concepts
Part 2: Advanced Template Features
Part 3: Applied Templates
Appendix: Closing Notes

Tag dispatching

Tag dispatching is a technique that enables us to select one or another function overload at compile time. It is an alternative to std::enable_if and SFINAE and is simple to understand and use. The term tag describes an empty class that has no members (data), or functions (behavior). Such a class is only used to define a parameter (usually the last) of a function to decide whether to select it at compile-time, depending on the supplied arguments. To better understand this, let’s consider an example.

The standard library contains a utility function called std::advance that looks as follows:

template<typename InputIt, typename Distance>
void advance(InputIt& it, Distance n);

Notice that in C++17, this is also constexpr (more about this, shortly). This function increments the given iterator by n elements. However, there are several categories of iterators (input, output, forward, bidirectional, and random access). That means such an operation...