Book Image

C++20 STL Cookbook

By : Bill Weinman
Book Image

C++20 STL Cookbook

By: Bill Weinman

Overview of this book

Fast, efficient, and flexible, the C++ programming language has come a long way and is used in every area of the industry to solve many problems. The latest version C++20 will see programmers change the way they code as it brings a whole array of features enabling the quick deployment of applications. This book will get you up and running with using the STL in the best way possible. Beginning with new language features in C++20, this book will help you understand the language's mechanics and library features and offer insights into how they work. Unlike other books, the C++20 STL Cookbook takes an implementation-specific, problem-solution approach that will help you overcome hurdles quickly. You'll learn core STL concepts, such as containers, algorithms, utility classes, lambda expressions, iterators, and more, while working on real-world recipes. This book is a reference guide for using the C++ STL with its latest capabilities and exploring the cutting-edge features in functional programming and lambda expressions. By the end of the book C++20 book, you'll be able to leverage the latest C++ features and save time and effort while solving tasks elegantly using the STL.
Table of Contents (13 chapters)

Sort containers with std::sort

The problem of how to efficiently sort comparable elements is essentially solved. For most applications, there's no reason to re-invent this wheel. The STL provides an excellent sorting solution via the std::sort() algorithm. While the standard does not specify a sorting algorithm, it does specify a worst-case complexity of O(n log n), when applied to a range of n elements.

Just a few decades ago, the quicksort algorithm was considered a good compromise for most uses and was generally faster than other comparable algorithms. Today we have hybrid algorithms that choose between different approaches according to the circumstances, often switching algorithms on the fly. Most current C++ libraries use a hybrid approach with some combination of introsort and an insertion sort. std::sort() provides exceptional performance under most common circumstances.

How to do it…

In this recipe, we'll examine the std::sort() algorithm. The sort...