Book Image

The Go Workshop

By : Delio D'Anna, Andrew Hayes, Sam Hennessy, Jeremy Leasor, Gobin Sougrakpam, Dániel Szabó
Book Image

The Go Workshop

By: Delio D'Anna, Andrew Hayes, Sam Hennessy, Jeremy Leasor, Gobin Sougrakpam, Dániel Szabó

Overview of this book

The Go Workshop will take the pain out of learning the Go programming language (also known as Golang). It is designed to teach you to be productive in building real-world software. Presented in an engaging, hands-on way, this book focuses on the features of Go that are used by professionals in their everyday work. Each concept is broken down, clearly explained, and followed up with activities to test your knowledge and build your practical skills. Your first steps will involve mastering Go syntax, working with variables and operators, and using core and complex types to hold data. Moving ahead, you will build your understanding of programming logic and implement Go algorithms to construct useful functions. As you progress, you'll discover how to handle errors, debug code to troubleshoot your applications, and implement polymorphism using interfaces. The later chapters will then teach you how to manage files, connect to a database, work with HTTP servers and REST APIs, and make use of concurrent programming. Throughout this Workshop, you'll work on a series of mini projects, including a shopping cart, a loan calculator, a working hours tracker, a web page counter, a code checker, and a user authentication system. By the end of this book, you'll have the knowledge and confidence to tackle your own ambitious projects with Go.
Table of Contents (21 chapters)
Free Chapter
1. Variables and Operators
2. Logic and Loops

Simple Custom Types

You can create custom types using Go's simple types as a starting point. The notation is type <name> <type>. If we were to create an ID type based on a string, this would look like type id string. The custom type acts the same as the type you based it on, including getting the same zero value and having the same abilities to compare with other values of the same type. A custom type is not compatible with its base type, but you can convert your custom type back into the type it's based on to allow for interaction.

Exercise 4.16: Creating a Simple Custom Type

In this exercise, we'll define a map and then delete an element from it using user input. Then, we'll print the now possibly smaller map to the console. Let's get started:

  1. Create a new folder and add a file named main.go to it.
  2. In main.go, add the package and imports:
    package main
    import "fmt"
  3. Define a custom type called id based on the string...