#### Overview of this book

Python, one of the world's most popular programming languages, has a number of powerful packages to help you tackle complex mathematical problems in a simple and efficient way. These core capabilities help programmers pave the way for building exciting applications in various domains, such as machine learning and data science, using knowledge in the computational mathematics domain. The book teaches you how to solve problems faced in a wide variety of mathematical fields, including calculus, probability, statistics and data science, graph theory, optimization, and geometry. You'll start by developing core skills and learning about packages covered in Python’s scientific stack, including NumPy, SciPy, and Matplotlib. As you advance, you'll get to grips with more advanced topics of calculus, probability, and networks (graph theory). After you gain a solid understanding of these topics, you'll discover Python's applications in data science and statistics, forecasting, geometry, and optimization. The final chapters will take you through a collection of miscellaneous problems, including working with specific data formats and accelerating code. By the end of this book, you'll have an arsenal of practical coding solutions that can be used and modified to solve a wide range of practical problems in computational mathematics and data science.
Preface
Basic Packages, Functions, and Concepts
Free Chapter
Mathematical Plotting with Matplotlib
Working with Randomness and Probability
Geometric Problems
Finding Optimal Solutions
Miscellaneous Topics
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# Getting descriptive statistics from a DataFrame

Descriptive statistics, or summary statistics, are simple values associated with a set of data, such as the mean, median, standard deviation, minimum, maximum, and quartile values. These values describe the location and spread of a dataset in various ways. The mean and median are measures of the center (location) of the data, and the other values measure the spread of the data from the mean and median. These statistics are vital in understanding a dataset and form the basis for many techniques for analysis.

In this recipe, we will see how to generate descriptive statistics for each column in a DataFrame.

`from numpy.random import default_rngrng = default_rng(12345)`