Canceling asynchronous operations
Being able to stop a long-running operation is particularly useful if the operation has been canceled by the user or if it has become redundant. In multithreaded programming, we can just terminate the thread, but on a single-threaded platform such as Node.js, things can get a little bit more complicated.
In this section, we'll be talking about canceling asynchronous operations and not about canceling promises, which is a different matter altogether. By the way, the Promises/A+ standard doesn't include an API for canceling promises. However, you can use a third-party promise library such as bluebird if you need such a feature (more at nodejsdp.link/bluebird-cancelation). Note that canceling a promise doesn't mean that the operation the promise refers to will also be canceled; in fact, bluebird offers an
onCancel callback in the promise constructor, in addition to
reject, which can be used to cancel the underlying...