Book Image

Tcl/Tk 8.5 Programming Cookbook

Book Image

Tcl/Tk 8.5 Programming Cookbook

Overview of this book

With Tcl/Tk, you can create full-featured cross-platform applications in a simple and easy-to-understand way without any expensive development package; the only tools required are a simple text editor and your imagination. This practical cookbook will help you to efficiently interact with editors, debuggers, and shell type interactive programs using Tcl/Tk 8. This cookbook will comprehensively guide you through practical implementation of Tcl/Tk 8.5 commands and tools. This book will take you through all the steps needed to become a productive programmer in Tcl/Tk 8. Right from guiding you through the basics to creating a stand-alone application, it provides complete explanation of all the steps along with handy tips and tricks. The book begins with an introduction to the Tcl shell, syntax, variables, and programming best practices in the language. It then explores procedures and the flow of events with control constructs followed by advanced error trapping and recovery. From Chapter 4, a detailed study of string expressions and handling enables you to handle various string functions and use lists to expand the string functionality. The book then discusses in-depth the Tcl Dictionary and how to utilize it to store and retrieve data. File operations and Tk GUI handling are covered extensively along with a developing a real-world address book application to practice the concepts learned.
Table of Contents (20 chapters)
Tcl/Tk 8.5 Programming Cookbook
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Formatting a string

Strings, as we all know, are our primary way of interacting with the end user. Whether presented in a message box or simply directed to the Tcl shell, they need to be as fluid as possible, in the values they present. To accomplish this, Tcl provides the format command. This command allows us to format a string with variable substitution in the same manner as the ANSI C sprintf procedure. The format command is as follows:

format string argument argument argument…

The format command accepts a string containing the value to be formatted as well as % conversion specifiers. The arguments contain the values to be substituted into the final string. Each conversion specifier may contain up to six sections—an XPG2 position specifier, a set of flags, minimum field width, a numeric precision specifier, size modifier, and a conversion character. The conversion specifiers are as follows:



d or i

For converting an integer to a signed decimal string.