Book Image

Tcl/Tk 8.5 Programming Cookbook

Book Image

Tcl/Tk 8.5 Programming Cookbook

Overview of this book

With Tcl/Tk, you can create full-featured cross-platform applications in a simple and easy-to-understand way without any expensive development package; the only tools required are a simple text editor and your imagination. This practical cookbook will help you to efficiently interact with editors, debuggers, and shell type interactive programs using Tcl/Tk 8. This cookbook will comprehensively guide you through practical implementation of Tcl/Tk 8.5 commands and tools. This book will take you through all the steps needed to become a productive programmer in Tcl/Tk 8. Right from guiding you through the basics to creating a stand-alone application, it provides complete explanation of all the steps along with handy tips and tricks. The book begins with an introduction to the Tcl shell, syntax, variables, and programming best practices in the language. It then explores procedures and the flow of events with control constructs followed by advanced error trapping and recovery. From Chapter 4, a detailed study of string expressions and handling enables you to handle various string functions and use lists to expand the string functionality. The book then discusses in-depth the Tcl Dictionary and how to utilize it to store and retrieve data. File operations and Tk GUI handling are covered extensively along with a developing a real-world address book application to practice the concepts learned.
Table of Contents (20 chapters)
Tcl/Tk 8.5 Programming Cookbook
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Creating a list

One way to create a list is to simply use the list command. Bear it in mind that with this command you must be aware of quotations. Inconsistent quotations can have unexpected results on the list elements. The syntax is as follows:

list value1 value2…

How to do it…

In the following example, we will create a list containing single characters. Return values from the commands are provided for clarity. Enter the following command:

% list John Mary Bill
John Mary Bill

How it works…

The list commands returns a list containing all the arguments supplied, or an empty string if no arguments are specified. Backslashes and braces are added to the string representation of the list as it is necessary to provide a properly formatted list that will work with any list command.

There's more…

As mentioned earlier, quotation marks can alter how items are stored in our list. In the following example, we will recreate our list; but this time the elements will be encased in quotation marks to illustrate...