Book Image

Object-Oriented JavaScript - Second Edition

Book Image

Object-Oriented JavaScript - Second Edition

Overview of this book

JavaScript is the behavior, the third pillar in today's paradigm that looks at web pages as something that consists of clearly distinguishable parts: content (HTML), presentation (CSS) and behavior (JavaScript). Using JavaScript, you can create not only web pages but also desktop widgets, browser and application extensions, and other pieces of software. It's a pretty good deal: you learn one language and then code all kinds of different applications. While there's one chapter specifically dedicated to the web browser environment including DOM, Events and AJAX tutorials, the rest is applicable to the other environments Many web developers have tried coding or adopting some bits of JavaScript, but it is time to "man up" and learn the language properly because it is the language of the browser and is, virtually, everywhere. This book starts from zero, not assuming any prior JavaScript programming knowledge and takes you through all the in-depth and exciting futures hidden behind the facade. Once listed in the "nice to have" sections of job postings, these days the knowledge of JavaScript is a deciding factor when it comes to hiring web developers. After reading this book you'll be prepared to ace your JavaScript job interview and even impress with some bits that the interviewer maybe didn't know. You should read this book if you want to be able to take your JavaScript skills to a new level of sophistication.
Table of Contents (19 chapters)
Object-Oriented JavaScript Second Edition
Credits
About the Authors
About the Reviewer
www.PacktPub.com
Preface
Built-in Functions
Regular Expressions
Index

From arrays to objects


As you already know from Chapter 2, Primitive Data Types, Arrays, Loops, and Conditions, an array is just a list of values. Each value has an index (a numeric key) that starts from zero and increments by one for each value.

> var myarr = ['red', 'blue', 'yellow', 'purple'];
> myarr;
 ["red", "blue", "yellow", "purple"].
> myarr[0];
"red"
> myarr[3];
"purple"

If you put the indexes in one column and the values in another, you'll end up with a table of key/value pairs shown as follows:

Key

Value

0

red

1

blue

2

yellow

3

purple

An object is similar to an array, but with the difference that you define the keys yourself. You're not limited to using only numeric indexes and you can use friendlier keys, such as first_name, age, and so on.

Let's take a look at a simple object and examine its parts:

var hero = {
  breed: 'Turtle', 
  occupation: 'Ninja'
};

You can see that:

  • The name of the variable that refers to the object is hero

  • Instead of [ and ], which...