Book Image

Mastering Linux Security and Hardening

By : Donald A. Tevault
Book Image

Mastering Linux Security and Hardening

By: Donald A. Tevault

Overview of this book

This book has extensive coverage of techniques that will help prevent attackers from breaching your system, by building a much more secure Linux environment. You will learn various security techniques such as SSH hardening, network service detection, setting up firewalls, encrypting file systems, protecting user accounts, authentication processes, and so on. Moving forward, you will also develop hands-on skills with advanced Linux permissions, access control, special modes, and more. Lastly, this book will also cover best practices and troubleshooting techniques to get your work done efficiently. By the end of this book, you will be confident in delivering a system that will be much harder to compromise.
Table of Contents (15 chapters)
Title Page
Packt Upsell

Using ausearch and aureport

The auditd daemon logs events to the /var/log/audit/audit.log file. Although you could directly read the file with something like less, you really don't want to. The ausearch and aureport utilities will help you translate the file into a language that makes some sort of sense.

Searching for file change alerts

Let's start by looking at the rule that we created that will alert us whenever a change is made to the /etc/passwd file:

sudo auditctl -w /etc/passwd -p wa -k passwd_changes

Now, let's make a change to the file and look for the alert message. Rather than add another user, since I'm running out of cats whose names I can use, I'll just use the chfn utility to  add contact information to the comment field for Cleopatra's entry:

[donnie@localhost etc]$ sudo chfn cleopatra
Changing finger information for cleopatra.
Name []: Cleopatra Tabby Cat
Office []: Donnie's back yard
Office Phone []: 555-5555
Home Phone []: 555-5556

Finger information changed.