In the security world, compliance is a security blueprint for certain types of data that is defined by a standards public, non-profit organization.
The organization that owns the compliance defines it as a minimum bar of security. The enforcement of the points defined in the blueprint is applied through auditing.
An audit acts as a point-in-time image or snapshot that defines how the organization currently operates. After audit, organizations get recommendations on how to meet the standards defined in the compliance blueprint.
Once the organization meets all the standards defined in the compliance blueprint, it is given a certificate of compliance.
There are many standards organizations (such as NIST, CSA, ISO, PCI DSS, HIPAA, and FedRAMP) across the globe, which own compliances and also provide...