Book Image

Hands-On Cryptography with Python

By : Samuel Bowne
Book Image

Hands-On Cryptography with Python

By: Samuel Bowne

Overview of this book

Cryptography is essential for protecting sensitive information, but it is often performed inadequately or incorrectly. Hands-On Cryptography with Python starts by showing you how to encrypt and evaluate your data. The book will then walk you through various data encryption methods,such as obfuscation, hashing, and strong encryption, and will show how you can attack cryptographic systems. You will learn how to create hashes, crack them, and will understand why they are so different from each other. In the concluding chapters, you will use three NIST-recommended systems: the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), the Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA), and the Rivest-Shamir-Adleman (RSA). By the end of this book, you will be able to deal with common errors in encryption.
Table of Contents (9 chapters)

Linux password hashes

In this section, we will first discuss how to get the hashes from an operating system, and then look at the salting and stretching procedures that make Linux hashes much stronger. We will then discuss the specific hashing algorithm used by modern versions of Linux, and finally look at cracking hashes with wordlists and Python.

Here, we have created three users to test the software in much the same way as we did earlier on Windows. John and Paul have the same password and Ringo has a different password:

You get the hashes from the /etc/shadow file, from which we will print out the last three records. So, you will see John, Paul, and Ringo, and after each username comes $6, which indicates that it is a type 6 of password, which is the most modern and secure form. Then there is a long, random string of characters that goes up to the next dollar sign, and then an even longer random string of characters, which is the password hash itself.

The first thing you can see is the...