Book Image

Industrial Cybersecurity - Second Edition

By : Pascal Ackerman
Book Image

Industrial Cybersecurity - Second Edition

By: Pascal Ackerman

Overview of this book

With Industrial Control Systems (ICS) expanding into traditional IT space and even into the cloud, the attack surface of ICS environments has increased significantly, making it crucial to recognize your ICS vulnerabilities and implement advanced techniques for monitoring and defending against rapidly evolving cyber threats to critical infrastructure. This second edition covers the updated Industrial Demilitarized Zone (IDMZ) architecture and shows you how to implement, verify, and monitor a holistic security program for your ICS environment. You'll begin by learning how to design security-oriented architecture that allows you to implement the tools, techniques, and activities covered in this book effectively and easily. You'll get to grips with the monitoring, tracking, and trending (visualizing) and procedures of ICS cybersecurity risks as well as understand the overall security program and posture/hygiene of the ICS environment. The book then introduces you to threat hunting principles, tools, and techniques to help you identify malicious activity successfully. Finally, you'll work with incident response and incident recovery tools and techniques in an ICS environment. By the end of this book, you'll have gained a solid understanding of industrial cybersecurity monitoring, assessments, incident response activities, as well as threat hunting.
Table of Contents (26 chapters)
Section 1: ICS Cybersecurity Fundamentals
Section 2:Industrial Cybersecurity – Security Monitoring
Section 3:Industrial Cybersecurity – Threat Hunting
Section 4:Industrial Cybersecurity – Security Assessments and Intel
Chapter 15: Industrial Control System Risk Assessments
Section 5:Industrial Cybersecurity – Incident Response for the ICS Environment

What is an incident?

To recap what we discussed back in Chapter 5, Introduction to Security Monitoring, an incident can be described as an occurrence of an event. Therefore, a security incident can be described as an occurrence of a security-related event – something that's happening to the security posture of the ICS environment that we are interested in and want to detect. To detect interesting security incidents, we need to be monitoring for them with security monitoring tools and practices.

The following are some examples of security incidents,:

  • Executing malicious code on a system
  • Impaired or disrupted availability of ICS systems or equipment (DCS, SIS, PLC, HMI, SCADA, and more)
  • Malicious or damaging interaction with computing or production resources
  • Unauthorized changes to a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) or Human Machine Interface (HMI) program
  • Unauthorized access to a building or restricted area of a building
  • Unauthorized access...