Book Image

Demystifying Cryptography with OpenSSL 3.0

By : Alexei Khlebnikov
Book Image

Demystifying Cryptography with OpenSSL 3.0

By: Alexei Khlebnikov

Overview of this book

Security and networking are essential features of software today. The modern internet is full of worms, Trojan horses, men-in-the-middle, and other threats. This is why maintaining security is more important than ever. OpenSSL is one of the most widely used and essential open source projects on the internet for this purpose. If you are a software developer, system administrator, network security engineer, or DevOps specialist, you’ve probably stumbled upon this toolset in the past – but how do you make the most out of it? With the help of this book, you will learn the most important features of OpenSSL, and gain insight into its full potential. This book contains step-by-step explanations of essential cryptography and network security concepts, as well as practical examples illustrating the usage of those concepts. You’ll start by learning the basics, such as how to perform symmetric encryption and calculate message digests. Next, you will discover more about cryptography: MAC and HMAC, public and private keys, and digital signatures. As you progress, you will explore best practices for using X.509 certificates, public key infrastructure, and TLS connections. By the end of this book, you’ll be able to use the most popular features of OpenSSL, allowing you to implement cryptography and TLS in your applications and network infrastructure.
Table of Contents (20 chapters)
Part 1: Introduction
Part 2: Symmetric Cryptography
Part 3: Asymmetric Cryptography and Certificates
Part 4: TLS Connections and Secure Communication
Part 5: Running a Mini-CA


In this chapter, we learned what MACs are and how they differ from message digests and digital signatures. We also learned about MAC function security and attacks that a good MAC function must resist. Following this, we learned what an HMAC function is and what its security depends on. We finished the theoretical part with a review of several methods of combining a MAC function with encryption, discovered what the best method is, and discussed the Cryptographic Doom Principle.

In the practical part, we learned about two methods of HMAC calculation on the command line. Then, we also learned how to calculate HMAC programmatically in C code. We compared the resulting HMACs calculated by all the methods used and, to our satisfaction, confirmed that all the methods produced the same HMAC.

In the next chapter, we will learn about Key Derivation Functions (KDFs) and how to derive encryption keys from passwords.