Book Image

Malware Analysis Techniques

By : Dylan Barker
Book Image

Malware Analysis Techniques

By: Dylan Barker

Overview of this book

Malicious software poses a threat to every enterprise globally. Its growth is costing businesses millions of dollars due to currency theft as a result of ransomware and lost productivity. With this book, you'll learn how to quickly triage, identify, attribute, and remediate threats using proven analysis techniques. Malware Analysis Techniques begins with an overview of the nature of malware, the current threat landscape, and its impact on businesses. Once you've covered the basics of malware, you'll move on to discover more about the technical nature of malicious software, including static characteristics and dynamic attack methods within the MITRE ATT&CK framework. You'll also find out how to perform practical malware analysis by applying all that you've learned to attribute the malware to a specific threat and weaponize the adversary's indicators of compromise (IOCs) and methodology against them to prevent them from attacking. Finally, you'll get to grips with common tooling utilized by professional malware analysts and understand the basics of reverse engineering with the NSA's Ghidra platform. By the end of this malware analysis book, you’ll be able to perform in-depth static and dynamic analysis and automate key tasks for improved defense against attacks.
Table of Contents (17 chapters)
Section 1: Basic Techniques
Section 2: Debugging and Anti-Analysis – Going Deep
Section 3: Reporting and Weaponizing Your Findings
Section 4: Challenge Solutions

Monitoring malicious processes

Executing malware in a virtual machine (VM) is one thing, but observing the behavior is another matter entirely. As we've previously discussed in the first Dynamic Analysis chapter, not all actions taken by malware are readily apparent to the end user who executed the malware.

This is by design—if it were obvious, the end user would alert their security team immediately, and the malware would be far less successful. As a result of the sneakiness implemented by adversaries to avoid detection, we require specialized tools to monitor each change made to the system by the malicious software.

Thankfully, there are several tools that fill this need and that will meet our purposes.

Keep in mind that during this chapter, as we utilize each tool to examine the malware, we'll either need to re-execute the malware when monitoring with a new tool or restore to a snapshot prior to execution in order to capture the pertinent information.