Book Image

Learn Kubernetes Security

By : Kaizhe Huang, Pranjal Jumde
5 (1)
Book Image

Learn Kubernetes Security

5 (1)
By: Kaizhe Huang, Pranjal Jumde

Overview of this book

Kubernetes is an open source orchestration platform for managing containerized applications. Despite widespread adoption of the technology, DevOps engineers might be unaware of the pitfalls of containerized environments. With this comprehensive book, you'll learn how to use the different security integrations available on the Kubernetes platform to safeguard your deployments in a variety of scenarios. Learn Kubernetes Security starts by taking you through the Kubernetes architecture and the networking model. You'll then learn about the Kubernetes threat model and get to grips with securing clusters. Throughout the book, you'll cover various security aspects such as authentication, authorization, image scanning, and resource monitoring. As you advance, you'll learn about securing cluster components (the kube-apiserver, CoreDNS, and kubelet) and pods (hardening image, security context, and PodSecurityPolicy). With the help of hands-on examples, you'll also learn how to use open source tools such as Anchore, Prometheus, OPA, and Falco to protect your deployments. By the end of this Kubernetes book, you'll have gained a solid understanding of container security and be able to protect your clusters from cyberattacks and mitigate cybersecurity threats.
Table of Contents (19 chapters)
Section 1: Introduction to Kubernetes
Section 2: Securing Kubernetes Deployments and Clusters
Section 3: Learning from Mistakes and Pitfalls

Kubernetes authentication

All requests in Kubernetes originate from external users, service accounts, or Kubernetes components. If the origin of the request is unknown, it is treated as an anonymous request. Depending on the configuration of the components, anonymous requests can be allowed or dropped by the authentication modules. In v1.6+, anonymous access is allowed to support anonymous and unauthenticated users for the RBAC and ABAC authorization modes. It can be explicitly disabled by passing the --anonymous-auth=false flag to the API server configuration:

$ps aux | grep api
root      3701  6.1  8.7 497408 346244 ?       Ssl  21:06   0:16 kube-apiserver --advertise-address= --allow-privileged=true --anonymous-auth=false

Kubernetes uses one or more of these authentication strategies. Let's discuss them one by one.

Client certificates

Using X509 Certificate...