Book Image

Less Web Development Essentials

By : Bass Jobsen
Book Image

Less Web Development Essentials

By: Bass Jobsen

Overview of this book

Less is a CSS preprocessor that essentially improves the functionality of simple CSS with the addition of several features. The book begins by teaching you how Less facilitates the process of web development. You will quickly then move on to actually creating your first layout using Less and compiling your very first Less code. Next, you will learn about variables and mixins and how they will help in building robust CSS code. In addition, you'll learn how to keep your code clean and test it by using style guides. We will then move on to the concept of Bootstrapping and the strength of using Less with Twitter Bootstrap. Going one step further, you will be able to customize Twitter's Bootstrap 3 using Less. Finally, you will learn how to integrate Less into your WordPress themes and explore other web apps that use Less. By leveraging this powerful CSS preprocessor, you will be able to consistently produce amazing web applications while making CSS code development an enjoyable experience.
Table of Contents (15 chapters)
Less Web Development Essentials
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Revisiting background gradients

Remember the CSS3 background gradient that was discussed in Chapter 2, Using Variables and Mixins? To show a better or the same gradient on different browsers, you have to use vendor-specific rules. Different sets of rules make your mixins more complex. In this case, more complex also means more difficult to maintain.

In practice, your mixins grow with outdated code or with code that is no longer supported on the one hand, while you have to update your mixins for newer browsers on the other. Of course, we can only hope that new browser versions support CSS3 specifications without any further changes to the code.

The Can I use... website ( provides compatibility tables for HTML5, CSS3, and SVG support, and also for desktop and mobile browsers. It will show you that most of the current browsers have support for CSS gradients in their current version. At the time of writing this book, the Android browser for mobile still relies on the -webkit...