Book Image

Object-Oriented JavaScript - Third Edition

By : Ved Antani, Stoyan STEFANOV
5 (1)
Book Image

Object-Oriented JavaScript - Third Edition

5 (1)
By: Ved Antani, Stoyan STEFANOV

Overview of this book

JavaScript is an object-oriented programming language that is used for website development. Web pages developed today currently follow a paradigm that has three clearly distinguishable parts: content (HTML), presentation (CSS), and behavior (JavaScript). JavaScript is one important pillar in this paradigm, and is responsible for the running of the web pages. This book will take your JavaScript skills to a new level of sophistication and get you prepared for your journey through professional web development. Updated for ES6, this book covers everything you will need to unleash the power of object-oriented programming in JavaScript while building professional web applications. The book begins with the basics of object-oriented programming in JavaScript and then gradually progresses to cover functions, objects, and prototypes, and how these concepts can be used to make your programs cleaner, more maintainable, faster, and compatible with other programs/libraries. By the end of the book, you will have learned how to incorporate object-oriented programming in your web development workflow to build professional JavaScript applications.
Table of Contents (25 chapters)
Object-Oriented JavaScript - Third Edition
About the Authors
About the Reviewer
Customer Feedback
Built-in Functions
Regular Expressions

ECMAScript 5

The last most important milestone in ECMAScript revisions was ECMAScript 5 (ES5), officially accepted in December 2009. ECMAScript 5 standard is implemented and supported on all major browsers and server-side technologies.

ES5 was a major revision because apart from several important syntactic changes and additions to the standard libraries, ES5 also introduced several new constructs in the language.

For instance, ES5 introduced some new objects and properties, and also the so-called strict mode. Strict mode is a subset of the language that excludes deprecated features. The strict mode is opt-in and not required, meaning that if you want your code to run in the strict mode, you will declare your intention using (once per function, or once for the whole program) the following string:

    "use strict"; 

This is just a JavaScript string, and it's ok to have strings floating around unassigned to any variable. As a result, older browsers that don't speak ES5 will simply ignore it, so this strict mode is backwards compatible and won't break older browsers.

For backwards compatibility, all the examples in this book work in ES3, but at the same time, all the code in the book is written so that it will run without warnings in ES5's strict mode. Additionally, any ES5-specific parts will be clearly marked. Appendix C, Built-in Objects, lists the new additions to ES5 in detail.

Strict mode in ES6

While strict mode is optional in ES5, all ES6 modules and classes are strict by default. As you will see soon, most of the code we write in ES6 resides in a module; hence, strict mode is enforced by default. However, it is important to understand that all other constructs do not have implicit strict mode enforced. There were efforts to make newer constructs, such as arrow and generator functions, to also enforce strict mode, but it was later decided that doing so would result in very fragmented language rules and code.