Book Image

jQuery Design Patterns

By : Thodoris Greasidis
Book Image

jQuery Design Patterns

By: Thodoris Greasidis

Overview of this book

jQuery is a feature-rich JavaScript library that makes HTML document traversal and manipulation, event handling, animation, and Ajax much simpler with an easy-to-use API that works across a variety of browsers. With a combination of versatility and extensibility, jQuery has changed the way that millions of people write JavaScript. jQuery solves the problems of DOM manipulation, event detection, AJAX calls, element selection and document queries, element attribute and data management, as well as object management utilities. This book addresses these problems and shows you how to make the best of jQuery through the various design patterns available. The book starts off with a refresher to jQuery and will then take you through the different design patterns such as facade, observer, publisher/subscriber, and so on. We will also go into client-side templating techniques and libraries, as well as some plugin development patterns. Finally, we will look into some best practices that you can use to make the best of jQuery.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
jQuery Design Patterns
About the Author
About the Reviewer

Chapter 1. A Refresher on jQuery and the Composite Pattern

Until the Web 2.0 era started, the Web was just a document-based media and all it offered was just interconnecting different pages/documents and client-side scripting that was mostly limited to form validation. By 2005, Gmail and Google Maps were released, and JavaScript proved itself as a language used by big enterprises to create large-scale applications and provide rich user interface interactions.

Even though JavaScript has had very few changes since its original release, there was a tremendous change in the expectations that the Enterprise world had about what web pages should be capable of doing. Since then, web developers were required to deliver complex user interactions and, finally, the term "web application" appeared on the market. As a result, it started to become obvious that they should create some code abstractions, define some best practices, and adopt all the applicable Design Patterns that computer science had to offer. The wide adoption of JavaScript for enterprise-grade applications helped the evolution of the language, which with the EcmaScript2015/EcmaScript6 (ES6) specification was expanded in a way that allowed even more Design Patterns to be easily utilized.

In August 2006, the jQuery library was first released by John Resig at, as an effort to create a convenient API to locate DOM elements. Since then, it has been an integral part of a web developer's toolkit. jQuery in its core uses several Design Patterns and tries to urge their use to the developer through the methods that it provides. The Composite Pattern is one of them and it is exposed to the developer through the very core jQuery() method, which is used for DOM traversal, one of the highlights of the jQuery library.

In this chapter, we will:

  • Have a refresher on DOM scripting using jQuery

  • Introduce the Composite Pattern

  • See how the Composite Pattern is used by jQuery

  • Discuss the gains offered by jQuery over plain JavaScript DOM manipulations

  • Introduce the Iterator Pattern

  • Use the Iterator Pattern in an example application