Book Image

Bootstrap 4 Cookbook

By : Ajdin Imsirovic
Book Image

Bootstrap 4 Cookbook

By: Ajdin Imsirovic

Overview of this book

Bootstrap, one of the most popular front-end frameworks, is perfectly built to design elegant, powerful, and responsive interfaces for professional-level web pages. It supports responsive design by dynamically adjusting your web page layout. Bootstrap 4 is a major update with many impressive changes that greatly enhance the end results produced by Bootstrap. This cookbook is a collection of great recipes that show you how to use all the latest features of Bootstrap to build compelling UIs. This book is using the most up-to-date version of Bootstrap 4 in all its chapters. First off, you will be shown how you can leverage the latest core features of Bootstrap 4 to create stunning web pages and responsive media. You will gradually move on to extending Bootstrap 4 with the help of plugins to build highly customized and powerful UIs. By the end of this book, you will know how to leverage, extend, and integrate bootstrap to achieve optimal results for your web projects.
Table of Contents (19 chapters)
Title Page
About the Author
About the Reviewer
Customer Feedback

Installing Bootstrap 4 to Cloud9 IDE using npm

This recipe will cover the required steps for installation of Bootstrap 4 via npm on Cloud9 IDE. In order to begin working on this recipe, it is assumed that you have already registered a account.

Getting ready

To begin, log in to your account, which will open your Cloud9 IDE dashboard:

Click on Create a new workspace, and a new page will appear with only a few things to fill in. You only need to add the Workspace name and Description, as you like. You can leave the Clone from Git or Mercurial URL empty, as well as leave the default HTML template selected. Finally, click on Create workspace to spin up a new container.

Once ready, you will be greeted with the following tree structure of your folders (displayed in the left sidebar):

The largest window (to the right from the sidebar) will have the file open, but you can open any other file in that area as well. Under this largest window, you will see an open Terminal window (titled "bash - <your-project-name>"), and another tab with the JavaScript REPL.

We will make use of Node and npm to install the latest version of Bootstrap via the command line (the readily open Bash Terminal). Both Node and npm come preinstalled in Cloud9 IDE.


In Windows, navigate to the folder where you want to install Bootstrap 4, and then simply Shift + right-click inside it, and choose Open command window here.

How to do it...

  1. Inspect the versions of Node and npm installed on our virtual machine:


In Windows, you can check the Node version with node -v, and npm version with npm -v.

  1. Inspect the available versions of Bootstrap to be installed:

The preceding command shows us that we can either install Bootstrap 3 (latest stable version) or Bootstrap 4 (latest alpha version); we will install Bootstrap 4.

  1. To install the latest alpha version of Bootstrap 4, run the following command:

Running the preceding command will almost instantly install the newest version of Bootstrap 4 in our node_modules directory. Inspect the directory's contents with ll (c9), or dir (Windows).

  1. Navigate to the node_modules/bootstrap folder:
      cd node_modules/bootstrap
  1. Install all the dependencies via npm install:
      npm install

After running the npm install command, a number of dependencies will be installed, just as listed in the package.json file. The installation will take some time. The reason why it takes so long is mostly due to the installation of the PhantomJS headless browser, which is used for testing in Bootstrap 4.

Once the installation process is completed, you will be greeted with a large number of folders and files. There are about 40 folders inside the node_modules folder. These folders house specific dependencies, such as grunt-sass or eslint. All of these dependencies are located inside the node_modules/bootstrap/node_modules path.

Here is the structure of the files installed using the npm approach:

After the installation is completed, the dist folder contains all the CSS and JavaScript needed to run a website.


The dist folder is located at node_modules/bootstrap/dist.

All that is left now is to add HTML pages, and correctly reference the styles and scripts from the dist folder.