Book Image

Magento 2 Development Quick Start Guide

By : Branko Ajzele
Book Image

Magento 2 Development Quick Start Guide

By: Branko Ajzele

Overview of this book

Magento is an open-source, enterprise-level e-commerce platform with unlimited scope for customization. This makes it a great choice not only for vendors but for developers as well. This book guides you through Magento development, teaching you how to develop modules that extend or change its functionality, leading to more ?exible and profitable Magento stores. You start with a structural overview of the key Magento development components. You will learn where things such as plugins, events, models, controllers, layouts, and UI components ft into the development landscape. You will go through examples of using these components to extend Magento. As you progress, you will be building a diverse series of small but practical Magento modules. By the end of this book, you will not only have a solid foundation in the Magento development architecture; but you will also have practical experience in developing modules to customize and extend Magento stores.
Table of Contents (11 chapters)

Understanding the Magento Architecture

Building web shops is a challenging and tedious job, and even more so if a platform you are working on is limited via features, extensibility, and the overall ecosystem it provides. Choosing the right platform can often make the difference between a project's success or failure. The abundance of available e-commerce software, from SaaS to self-hosted solutions, does not really make it an easy choice.

The Magento e-commerce platform has been around for over 10 years now. With its first stable release dating back to March 2008, it immediately caught the attention of developers as an extensible and feature-rich open source platform. Over time, Magento established itself as not just a stunning technical and feature-rich platform, but as a robust ecosystem as well. By allowing developers to validate their real-world skills through the Magento certification program, certain standards have been put into effect, making it easier for merchants to better recognize their solution partners. Training courses have been further provided for other roles in e-commerce business as well, such as merchants, marketers, system administrators, and business analysts.

In this chapter, we will take a look at some of the key must-knows about Magento:

  • Installing Magento
  • Modes
  • Areas
  • Request flow processing
  • Modules
  • Cache
  • Dependency injection
  • Plugins
  • Events and observers
  • Console commands
  • Cron jobs

To keep things compact as we move forward, let's assume the following throughout this book:

  • We are working on the magelicious.loc project
  • We are referring to our project root directory as <PROJECT_DIR>
  • We are referring to the <PROJECT_DIR>/app/code/Magelicious directory as <MAGELICIOUS_DIR>
  • We are referring to Magento's vendor/magento directory as <MAGENTO_DIR>
  • We have a running LAMP/MAMP/WAMP stack (Apache, MySQL, PHP) that is compliant with Magento's requirements
  • We have a Composer package manager installed
  • We have access to crontab (Linux, MacOS) or Task Scheduler (Windows)
AMPPS is an easy to use, all in one LAMP/MAMP/WAMP software stack from Softaculous, which enables Apache, MySQL, and PHP. With AMPPS, you can even install Magento 2.x by the click of a button, which means it comes loaded with all the right PHP extensions. While it isn't suited for production purposes, it comes in handy for quickly kicking the development environment. See for more information. Consult the devdocs ( for Magento technology stack requirements.