Book Image

Learn Web Development with Python

By : Fabrizio Romano, Gaston C. Hillar, Arun Ravindran
Book Image

Learn Web Development with Python

By: Fabrizio Romano, Gaston C. Hillar, Arun Ravindran

Overview of this book

If you want to develop complete Python web apps with Django, this Learning Path is for you. It will walk you through Python programming techniques and guide you in implementing them when creating 4 professional Django projects, teaching you how to solve common problems and develop RESTful web services with Django and Python. You will learn how to build a blog application, a social image bookmarking website, an online shop, and an e-learning platform. Learn Web Development with Python will get you started with Python programming techniques, show you how to enhance your applications with AJAX, create RESTful APIs, and set up a production environment for your Django projects. Last but not least, you’ll learn the best practices for creating real-world applications. By the end of this Learning Path, you will have a full understanding of how Django works and how to use it to build web applications from scratch. This Learning Path includes content from the following Packt products: • Learn Python Programming by Fabrizio Romano • Django RESTful Web Services by Gastón C. Hillar • Django Design Patterns and Best Practices by Arun Ravindran
Table of Contents (33 chapters)
Title Page
About Packt

Scopes and name resolution

Do you remember when we talked about scopes and namespaces in Chapter 1, A Gentle Introduction to Python? We're going to expand on that concept now. Finally, we can talk about functions and this will make everything easier to understand. Let's start with a very simple example:

def my_function():
    test = 1  # this is defined in the local scope of the function
    print('my_function:', test)

test = 0  # this is defined in the global scope
print('global:', test)

I have defined the test name in two different places in the previous example. It is actually in two different scopes. One is the global scope (test = 0), and the other is the local scope of the my_function function (test = 1). If you execute the code, you'll see this:

$ python
my_function: 1
global: 0

It's clear that test = 1 shadows the test = 0 assignment in my_function. In the global context, test is still 0, as you can see from the output of the program...