Book Image

Accelerating Server-Side Development with Fastify

By : Manuel Spigolon, Maksim Sinik, Matteo Collina
Book Image

Accelerating Server-Side Development with Fastify

By: Manuel Spigolon, Maksim Sinik, Matteo Collina

Overview of this book

This book is a complete guide to server-side app development in Fastify, written by the core contributors of this highly performant plugin-based web framework. Throughout the book, you’ll discover how it fosters code reuse, thereby improving your time to market. Starting with an introduction to Fastify’s fundamental concepts, this guide will lead you through the development of a real-world project while providing in-depth explanations of advanced topics to prepare you to build highly maintainable and scalable backend applications. The book offers comprehensive guidance on how to design, develop, and deploy RESTful applications, including detailed instructions for building reusable components that can be leveraged across multiple projects. The book presents guidelines for creating efficient, reliable, and easy-to-maintain real-world applications. It also offers practical advice on best practices, design patterns, and how to avoid common pitfalls encountered by developers while building backend applications. By following these guidelines and recommendations, you’ll be able to confidently design, implement, deploy, and maintain an application written in Fastify, and develop plugins and APIs to contribute to the Fastify and open source communities.
Table of Contents (21 chapters)
Part 1:Fastify Basics
Part 2:Build a Real-World Project
Part 3:Advanced Topics

Implementing distributed logging

Once we have created a distributed system, everything gets more complicated. One of the things that becomes more complicated is logging and tracing a request across multiple microservices. In Chapter 11, we covered distributed logging – this is a technique that allows us to trace all the log lines that are relevant to a specific request flow via the use of correlation IDs (reqId). In this section, we will put that into practice.

First, we modify our gateway’s server.js file to generate a new UUID for the request chain, like so:

const crypto = require('crypto')
const fastify = require('fastify')({
  logger: true,
  genReqId (req) {
    const uuid = crypto.randomUUID()
    req.headers['x-request-id'] = uuid
    return uuid

Note that we generate a new UUID at every request and assign it back to the headers...