Book Image

Responsive Web Design with HTML5 and CSS - Fourth Edition

By : Ben Frain
3.5 (4)
Book Image

Responsive Web Design with HTML5 and CSS - Fourth Edition

3.5 (4)
By: Ben Frain

Overview of this book

Responsive Web Design with HTML5 and CSS, Fourth Edition, is a fully revamped and extended version of one of the most comprehensive and bestselling books on the latest HTML5 and CSS techniques for responsive web design. It emphasizes pragmatic application, teaching you the approaches needed to build most real-life websites, with downloadable examples in every chapter. Written in the author's friendly and easy-to-follow style, this edition covers all the newest developments and improvements in responsive web design, including approaches for better accessibility, variable fonts and font loading, and the latest color manipulation tools making their way to browsers. You can enjoy coverage of bleeding-edge features such as CSS layers, container queries, nesting, and subgrid. The book concludes by exploring some exclusive tips and approaches for front-end development from the author. By the end of the book, you will not only have a comprehensive understanding of responsive web design and what is possible with the latest HTML5 and CSS, but also the knowledge of how to best implement each technique. Read through as a complete guide or dip in as a reference for each topic-focused chapter.
Table of Contents (21 chapters)
Free Chapter
1
Section I: The Fundamentals of Responsive Web Design
7
Section II: Core Skills for Effective Front-End Web Development
16
Section III: Latest Platform Features and Parting Advice
19
Other Books You May Enjoy
20
Index

Modern image formats

Historically, it was simple to choose the correct image format to use in a given scenario.

If the image needed to animate and for some reason a video wasn’t a viable option, you would opt for an animated GIF. If it was a photo, JPG was the logical choice, and if it was anything that needed transparency, it would be PNG as, unlike JPG, it supports alpha transparency.

However, if you want to save yourself and your users bandwidth, it is no longer so simple. Let’s consider two newer image formats and where they might be applicable and advantageous to use.

AVIF and WebP are formats that, given the same image as a starting point, almost always produce a smaller file size and preferable quality than an equivalent JPG file.

AVIF image format

AVIF, the image counterpart of AV1 video, is an open-source image format for still and, crucially, animated images. It supports an alpha channel, which JPG doesn’t, and compresses data far...