Book Image

Mastering React Test-Driven Development - Second Edition

By : Daniel Irvine
Book Image

Mastering React Test-Driven Development - Second Edition

By: Daniel Irvine

Overview of this book

Test-driven development (TDD) is a programming workflow that helps you build your apps by specifying behavior as automated tests. The TDD workflow future-proofs apps so that they can be modified without fear of breaking existing functionality. Another benefit of TDD is that it helps software development teams communicate their intentions more clearly, by way of test specifications. This book teaches you how to apply TDD when building React apps. You’ll create a sample app using the same React libraries and tools that professional React developers use, such as Jest, React Router, Redux, Relay (GraphQL), Cucumber, and Puppeteer. The TDD workflow is supported by various testing techniques and patterns, which are useful even if you’re not following the TDD process. This book covers these techniques by walking you through the creation of a component test framework. You’ll learn automated testing theory which will help you work with any of the test libraries that are in standard usage today, such as React Testing Library. This second edition has been revised with a stronger focus on concise code examples and has been fully updated for React 18. By the end of this TDD book, you’ll be able to use React, Redux, and GraphQL to develop robust web apps.
Table of Contents (26 chapters)
Part 1 – Exploring the TDD Workflow
Part 2 – Building Application Features
Part 3 – Interactivity
Part 4 – Behavior-Driven Development with Cucumber

Performing client-side validation

In this section, we’ll update the CustomerForm and AppointmentForm components so that they alert the user to any issues with the text they’ve entered. For example, if they enter non-digit characters into the phone number field, the application will display an error.

We’ll listen for the DOM’s blur event on each field to take the current field value and run our validation rules on it.

Any validation errors will be stored as strings, such as First name is required, within a validationErrors state variable. Each field has a key in this object. An undefined value (or absence of a value) represents no validation error, and a string value represents an error. Here’s an example:

  firstName: "First name is required",
  lastName: undefined,
  phoneNumber: "Phone number must contain only numbers, spaces, and any of the following: + - ( ) ."

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