Book Image

The HTML and CSS Workshop

By : Lewis Coulson, Brett Jephson, Rob Larsen, Matt Park, Marian Zburlea
Book Image

The HTML and CSS Workshop

By: Lewis Coulson, Brett Jephson, Rob Larsen, Matt Park, Marian Zburlea

Overview of this book

With knowledge of CSS and HTML, you can build visually appealing, interactive websites without relying on website-building tools that come with lots of pre-packaged restrictions. The HTML and CSS Workshop takes you on a journey to learning how to create beautiful websites using your own content, understanding how they work, and how to manage them long-term. The book begins by introducing you to HTML5 and CSS3, and takes you through the process of website development with easy-to-follow steps. Exploring how the browser renders websites from code to display, you'll advance to adding a cinematic experience to your website by incorporating video and audio elements into your code. You'll also use JavaScript to add interactivity to your site, integrate HTML forms for capturing user data, incorporate animations to create slick transitions, and build stunning themes using advanced CSS. You'll also get to grips with mobile-first development using responsive design and media queries, to ensure your sites perform well on any device. Throughout the book, you'll work on engaging projects, including a video store home page that you will iteratively add functionality to as you learn new skills. By the end of this Workshop, you'll have gained the confidence to creatively tackle your own ambitious web development projects.
Table of Contents (15 chapters)
2. Structure and Layout
3. Text and Typography
5. Themes, Colors, and Polish
6. Responsive Web Design and Media Queries
7. Media – Audio, Video, and Canvas
12. Web Components

Progressive Enhancement

There are several approaches that we can use when we are working with the web to make sure our websites provide the best experience possible for the greatest number of users. Unlike some closed systems, we cannot trust that all users will have the same capabilities or devices. What we can do is work from a baseline set of features and then enhance the experience for more capable browsers. This is called Progressive Enhancement.

An example of this technique is providing a simple, functional web page with text and links and then adding JavaScript to enhance the experience.

One particular challenge is CSS custom properties, or CSS variables because they are useful when used throughout your CSS declarations and are not available in IE 11. They are difficult to polyfill without having to restrict what they can do. One way of handling CSS variables is with the user of a CSS preprocessor and the build tools that replace the CSS variables at build time to...