Book Image

Processing XML documents with Oracle JDeveloper 11g

Book Image

Processing XML documents with Oracle JDeveloper 11g

Overview of this book

XML is an open standard for creating markup languages and exchanging structured documents and data over the Internet. JDeveloper 11g presents an effective, quick, and easy-to-use means of processing XML documents. Inspired by the author's previous XML articles for the Oracle community, this expanded hands-on tutorial guides newcomers and intermediate users through JDeveloper 11g and XML document development. It offers up-to-date information on working with the latest version of JDeveloper, and brand new information on JAXB 2.0 support in JDeveloper 11g. Filled with illustrations, explanatory tables, and comprehensive instructions, this book walks the reader through the wide assortment of JDeveloper's capabilities. Oracle's JDeveloper 11g is an Integrated Development Environment that provides a visual and declarative approach to application development. Over the course of 14 chapters, readers will get hands-on with JDeveloper as the comprehensive and self-contained tutorials provide clear instruction on the key XML tasks that JDeveloper can accomplish. Filled with practical information and illustrated examples, this book shows the reader how to create, parse, and store XML documents quickly, as well as providing step-by-step instructions on how to construct an XML schema and use the schema to validate an XML document. Oracle's XML Developer Kit (XDK) offers a set of components, tools, and utilities for developing XML-based applications, and developers will find the detailed XDK coverage invaluable. Later chapters are given over to using XPath, transforming XML with XSLT, and using the JSTL XML Tag Library. Moving through the book, a chapter on the JAXB 2.0 API shows you how to bind, marshal and unmarshal XML documents, before we finally delve into comparing XML documents, and converting them into PDF and Excel formats. In all, this book will enable the reader to gain a good and wide-ranging understanding of what JDeveloper has to offer for XML processing.
Table of Contents (19 chapters)
Processing XML documents with Oracle JDeveloper 11g
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Chapter 1. Creating and Parsing an XML Document

One of the first programming exercises an XML developer wants to do is create and parse an XML document. The Java API for XML Processing (JAXP) includes an API to create and parse XML documents. Oracle XDK 11g provides an API in the oracle.xml.parsers.v2 package that overrides some of the classes in the JAXP API. It also implements some additional interfaces such as DocumentEditVAL, ElementEditVAL, and NSResolver, which we shall discuss in later chapters. XDK also provides parser factory and parser classes in the oracle.xml.jaxp package that override the parser classes in the javax.xml.parsers package.

In this chapter we shall create an XML document, catalog.xml, and parse the XML document in JDeveloper.

The XML document that will be created and parsed is listed here:

<?xml version = '1.0' encoding = 'UTF-8'?>
<journal:journal journal:title="Oracle Magazine"
journal:publisher="Oracle Publishing" journal:edition=
"March-April 2008" xmlns:journal=
<journal:article journal:section="Oracle Developer">
<journal:title>Declarative Data Filtering</journal:title>
<journal:author>Steve Muench</journal:author>
<journal title="Oracle Magazine" publisher="Oracle
Publishing" edition="September-October 2008 ">
<article section="FEATURES">
<title>Share 2.0</title>
<author>Alan Joch</author>

Some of the elements and attributes in the example XML document are in the namespace identified by URI, and namespace prefix journal. For example, the journal:journal element and the journal:edition attribute namespace nodes are included to demonstrate the creating and parsing of namespace nodes respectively.

The APIs of the oracle.xml.parsers.v2 and oracle.xml.jaxp packages are used to create and parse example XML documents. The oracle.xml.parsers.v2 package provides APIs for DOM (Document Object Model) and SAX (Simple API for XML) parsing. The oracle.xml.jaxp package provides APIs for obtaining parsers for DOM and SAX parsing.

Setting the environment

Download and install Oracle JDeveloper 11g Production. Create an application workspace in JDeveloper with File|New. In the New Gallery window select Categories|General and Items|General Application, and click on OK. The Create Generic Application wizard gets started. Specify an application name in the Application Name field and click on the Next button. In the Name your Generic project window, specify a project name in the Project Name field. From the Project Technologies list select JSP and Servlets and click on the Finish button. An application and a project get added to JDeveloper Application Navigator.

Next, we need to create applications for creating an XML document, parsing an XML document with the DOM API, and parsing an XML document with the SAX API. Select the Projects node in the Application Navigator and select File|New. In the New Gallery window select Categories|General and Items|Java Class, and click on the OK button. In the Create Java Class window specify a class name, CreateXMLDocument for example, in the Name field, a package name in the Package field, and click on the OK button. Similarly, add Java applications DOMParserApp and SAXParserApp to the JDeveloper project.

Next, we need to add XDK parser classes to the classpath of the XMLParser project. Select the project node in Application Navigator and select Tools|Project Properties. In the Project Properties window select Libraries and Classpath. Click on the Add Library button to add a library. In the Add Library window select Oracle XML Parser v2 library and click on the OK button.

The Oracle XML Parser v2 library gets added to the project libraries. Click on the OK button in the Project Properties window.