Book Image

Joomla! 1.5 Templates Cookbook

By : Richard Carter, Chris Davenport
Book Image

Joomla! 1.5 Templates Cookbook

By: Richard Carter, Chris Davenport

Overview of this book

Templates in Joomla! provide a powerful way to make your site look exactly the way you want either using a single template for the entire site or a separate template for each site section. Although it sounds like an easy task to build and maintain templates, it can be challenging to get beyond the basics and customize templates to meet your needs perfectly.Joomla! 1.5 Templates Cookbook consists of a series of self-contained step-by-step recipes that cover everything from common tasks such as changing your site's logo or favicon and altering color schemes, to custom error pages and template overrides. It starts off with the basics of template design and then digs deep into more complex concepts. It will help you make your site more attractive and user-friendly. You will integrate your site with various social media such as Twitter and YouTube; make your site mobile-friendly with the help of recipes for creating and customizing mobile spreadsheets; and use miscellaneous tricks and tips to get the most out of your website. You get all of this in a simple recipe format that guides you quickly through the steps and explains how it all happened.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
Joomla! 1.5 Templates Cookbook
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Understanding Joomla! templates

If you have some experience with theming other content management systems, this can be a good start for learning Joomla! template design. As with theming any content management system, Joomla! does have its quirks and it's useful to look at the structure of a Joomla! template.

Getting ready

View your Joomla! website's files in an FTP program.

How to do it...

If you now view the contents of the templates\rhuk_milkyway directory, you can see what a Joomla! template is composed of:

As you can see in the preceding screenshot, there are three directories, which are used in the following ways:

  • The css directory contains the CSS files

  • The html directory (which we can ignore for now) contains template overrides for various components and modules if they differ from the default templates provided by that module or component

  • The images directory contains images associated with the template

There are also a few other files which you'll find useful in building and customizing Joomla! templates:

  • The favicon.ico file or the 'favorites icon' displays a small icon next to your website's address in the address bar of the visitors' browsers.

  • The index.php file outputs the (X)HTML of your template.

  • params.ini defines the color and other variations in your Joomla! template (this file is optional).

  • template_thumbnail.png provides a screenshot preview of the template that is displayed in Joomla!'s administration panel.

  • templateDetails.xml provides information about the template itself, such as the designer, the designer's own website address, and any notes the author of the template may have for its users. This file is incredibly important as it is required to be able to allow the template to be installable via the standard Joomla! installation process.

How it works...

When a template is enabled, Joomla! looks for certain files in the template's directory. It looks for the index.php file to generate each page's HTML, which may then reference CSS and other style files. By convention, the CSS files and images referenced in the template's index.php file of a Joomla! theme are stored in subdirectories of the template's main directory.

See also

  • Understanding the templateDetails.xml file